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k e y w o r d s  now  a t  t h e  b o t t o m  !
Re-visits of this page are emphatically commended for center-or boarder-involved, because of the probable enhancements.

primary remark: My experience with small till big catastrophes is, that one basic error is to belief, that others do have had already solving ideas or set them into praxis or take over responsibility. The atomic-problems in Japan must have highest priority in Japan and outside, it is not easy to handle them because of the material problems and faltering emotions, but maybe a phrase of Konfutse may help for some time, till the situation is save again or collapsed: "Who made a mistake and does not correct it does the next." I belief, that time was given away till this moment of time - but to ignore or to hesitate, maybe of emotions, is NOT the way to have a chance to success in this specific situation.
In reverse: All what was undone because of shock, missing overview or missing power of imagination has to be done now:
All my efforts base on the sense of a text - and no other, I wrote in review to efforts of many in relation to the big tsunami_2004, you can read here.

2011-03-24_14-15 UTC  (material excitement by high differences of temperature)
By thinking about the question if dry-ice could help I came to the question about material excitement by high differences of temperature regarding the inside and outside of the object which has to be cooled down.
Latest news say that there is a suspicion that the reactor-pressure-vessel of block 3 is damaged.
In this relation one of more questions is if the material excitement by cooling with interruptions because of different reasons is an avoidable stress for the metal and if a continuous cooling would be much better.
Maybe there is a competition between simple cooling methods as cooling with sweat- or sea-water on one hand and reinstalling the old cooling-system and especially the old electric.
But maybe there is no real choice for example in block 3 and there has to be a continuous water cooling with high secureness regarding to blackouts to be installed. Maybe there would be no electric at all inside the block 3 necessary.

2011-03-24_15-00 UTC
There were news that the salt from the sea-water maybe has build crusts on the fuel rods, which could hinder the cooling. Including this, but unattached from this, too, I belief it is time for concrete discussions about planning scenarios and their benefits or disadvantages in relation to liquidation. For example the Tschernobyl liquidation contained several build-solutions. Solutions as these, or others, have to be prepared as farsighted as possible, so they have to be designed as long as there is time to do so. Of course this is no pleading to start solutions as the mentione in this moment of time, because my knowledge of the concrete circumstances and possible results is too low.

2011-03-23_12-34 UTC (entry_No1 solved in parts, please take a look at entry_No2 in this text-block)
1. There were two news about the intended use of concrete-pumps to blow water inside the reactor block(s ?). Concrete-pumps can bridge the heigh of the reactor-blocks. (The height of the reactor-block-4 is 46 meters, 1181 inch, all reactor-blocks seem to have the same height). The water would not be sprinkled but injected as a ray, which probably, yes more: surely, would be a big help to hit the points of biggest profit.
First entry I saw was from monday 21st, 16:09 UTC (pump from Germany), second from tuesday 22nd, 10:04 UTC (pump from China). (sources in German: 1. RP-online 17:09 CET entry, 2. RP-online 11:04 CET entry)
It is not clear, when the pump or the pumps will be there and can start working.
Many problems could be solved till now, but there still is the necessity to work with over capacities and as fast as ever possible. The reasons are given in this moment of time, but maybe - nobody hopes - the reasons will be enlarged by unpredictably chain of events as new quakes (latest was today, 4,7) or maybe self-dynamics of the atomic treactions. Some current leaks for radioactivity seem to be real and can not be explained till now. (added at 14:48 UTC: I just heard  that somedy had seen a concrete-pump working in Fukushima in television (n-tv), which is validates by the website of n-tv (10:42 CET entry), it seems to be the one out of Germany. Good to see that something works. Respect to the actors. Greatest respect to those, who work in the acute danger zone with a clear motivation.
2. So my urgent pleading to the world-community is to work fast, un-bureaucratic and with the aim of over-capacities. For example things as to consign goods and to communicate about necessity can be set in practice at the same time, it is no relevant problem if - for example - an airplane would turn round, if the necessity for the goods would not be affirmed in the end. Procedures as this could save a lot of precious time. This could be one of more meanings of over-capacities I am strictly pleading for. 
Of course an awake, well informed and very fast center for coordination of international help could be helpful as fast coordination and logistic in Japan itself.
Concrete beside-remark: I read about roboters, present in Germany, in the last days and thinkable possibilities to let them work in Fukushima-reactors. But I could not find a notice that they began to work, were extradited or requested or what the reason for these failures may be.

2011-03-21_19-55 UTC (exceptionally more a comment and no practical solving-hint)
The pumps in block 2 are out of order and do not work. Provider Tepco declared to have ordered new pumps. I is not known when they will arrive. Government agencies and the provider had hoped (!) that the cooling-systemst would work again by re-installing an electric high-voltage-wire.
(Retranslated from German, from this source (the 20:55 CET-entry), "(!)" added and coloured by the author)
Comment: This list was posted by email to a lot of relevant authorities, inside and outside of Japan. Who wants may take a look at the next entry below. The content did not need to be written down by me, because it is self-explanatory by looking at the known facts in Japan.
Strangely times and circumstances to take care of bureau-shuteye.
And: What is going on in Japan in atomic questions surely is not only a question of Japan-inner-affairs - this remark without the aim to provide nonrepresentational fears and emotions.
We should have the chance to worry about the persons in Japan, that were hit by the Tsunami with all its violence, water and mud.
But it seems that humans are too impotent to order pumps in foresight, and that the complete rest of the world is too impotent to assist a state as Japan in effective and well-organized way in its need.
But of course, to handle that funny risks of atomic energy and atomic trash for tenthousands of years absolutely is no problem for us all. Great.  
But what do I unsettle. Maybe there will be no biggest-thinkable-accident , maybe.
Experts worry about the contaminated drinking-water in Japan and ask what the base of this is.

2011-03-19_08-45 UTC
Currently there are efforts, to install the new high-voltage-cable with the old (!) and tsunami-struck electric-installations and pumps.
1st remark: Good luck  2nd remark: What about a second and new equipment of pumps and pipes as an alternate?! I hope that this is already in preparation. It is not to recommend to bank on only one and maybe demaged system.
You want to prevent electric sparking to prevent hydrogen-explosions. What about a alternate system without electric and only pipes inside the buildings? Is that not possible? Or is it inpossible to connect new pipes with the center atomic-containers? If not, why should it be no need-device to cool them from outside before having no chance at all.
One more time: The actual-first-priority-teams working at the actual try for solutions should not be hindered, but assisted. But what about building up alternates at the same time by second and third teams, prepared maybe outside the dangerous zone? Japan does surely have big capacity and should use them with first priority to prevent an atomic disaster. You can - additionaly - set in a second crisis center for coordination of effective and fast international help, leaded by your own or by experts from other states. Nobody can see all facts at a second of time.
There are two instances of center responsibility: The provider AND - first of all in center - the government, both should do what is necessary and - for safety - more than this till the still proceeding disaster has stopped to prevent the menacing possibility to come to more qualities of detriment.
In other words: Surely the tsunami alone would have been more than extreme stress, but you have to concentrate to avert a new disaster with at least longer halting harm.

2011-03-18_15-37 UTC (to fill up leaks in the 2011-03-17_14-55 UTC entry, viewpoints allready spread with e-mails)
- direct and optimized information-technic and structure i n t o  a n d  o u t  the central crisis center
- open information to experts - of your nation  a n d  other nations - to come to the needed over-capacities, especially in cooling, but not only.
- big building machines if the streets to the atomic power plants are impassable.
- diesel-generators or diesel-pumps - as far as I know them - do need electric power only to start them, once running they run as on as diesel is on hand.

2011-03-17_20-28 UTC
There is or will be in the very next time a new high-voltage-elctric-string be installed. The original-equipment-pumps shall set to work again, but it is not really clear, if they still are ok. So I think the team installing this solution should work on without deviation, but a second team should be set in action to open the chance to bring more and checked pumps there, to have an alternate, if necessary. You do need  resources (manpower and equipment) to work with double or triplex safeness - many things can be done outside the most dangerous zone! (For example: a second high-voltage-wire may be brought there to ensure a comfortable and secure capacity and to give secureness in relation to failure of the first. Japan surely does have enough resources to do things as this.

2011-03-17_18-27 UTC  Described crane--water-ramp-idea
Alternate idea to bridge the distance between sea-cooling-water-appliances and places wher water is needed: If the ground is stable enough a crane or cranes can be installed direct at the sea-cooling-water-appliances to heave water to the necessary level. The water could can flow on ramps. The maybe week point of this idea is that a ramp would need bases, and bases do need stable ground or big plates of steel or other material.. They could be prepared outside the dangerous zone. I can not estimate if vehicles can bring them and the cranes there, because of the shambles by the tsunami. (But maybe there is a crane on the area) Possibly military equipment could help.What is promising the idea with cranes is that the height of the ground arround the blocks seems to be 17 meters (670 inch), only. Of course the height to the object to work with has to be added. (added March 23rd, 2011: The height of the reactor-block-4 is 46 meters, 1181 inch, all reactor-blocks seem to have the same height) The ground in that area seems (!) to be stabilized with roads and buildings or installed equipment, which maybe can be used to stabilize one or more ramps.  Maybe it is not posible to build a ramp absolutely direct where it is needed, but maybe the cran-ramp solution could  ease the work of pumps and - by this - enhance their capacity. (The water mass, that could be transported by helicoters today is better than nothing, but really not too much. So better solutions have to be installed.)
Measuring with  Copy these coordinates to the "Fly To" field: 37 25 18 N  141 02 02 E or use the KML-File, you can download here (right mouse-click, target save to, double-click the file. Google earth first has to be installed on your computer) 
Update: Maybe mobile cranes could carry the ramp or pipe-system on the complete lenght of 200 meters (8000 inch).

One idea that probably is not to recommend because of material excitement and quantities, but I am not sure, so I write it down: dry ice to cool.
2011-03-17_14-55 UTC  keywords: (updated)
explosives-experts to clear away obstruction
more secure atomic-power-protect-overalls and/or vehicles (you are looking for volunteers currently)
protection strategy against block-out of electric energy (new high-voltage-wire in Fukushima will need electric energy)
new high performance-water-pumps with guaranteed workable.
over-capacities in relation to every equipment that is basic for mitigation or solve of the biggest need in Fukushima atomic power plants.
(pumps, energy as electric and diesel, road-repair, communication-technic, monitoring-technic .... )
helpers who do not fail because of overload by working too long
harbour for new pumps etc
air cushion vehicles (transport between harbour/airport and atomic power plants)
do not hesitate to order what you need, in your country or in which country ever.
declaration of state of emergency, if necessary (helpful)
short distance of about 200 meters to the sea-cooling-water-appliances in Fukushima must be bridgeable (if helpful additional to existing solutions)
It is not advisable that the operator of the atomic power plants handles the situation in self -responsibility, the government has to center, act and rule additional to the efforts of the operator.
It is highly essential to consult and involve help and add-on equipment and man-power from other countries, without giving up the center-responsibility.(For background you can read the short text at


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Re-visits of this page are emphatically commended for center-or boarder-involved, because of the probable enhancements.
All remarks are out of nothing but the will to constructive complement help.

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Created on ...  March  17th, 2011